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homepage and site map

Biosecurity Closed Herds and Quarantine. Essential reading before buying or bringing in any new cattle.
breeds of miniature cattle
Breeder Directory Miniature Cattle Breeders of North America
Breeds of Miniature Cattle in North America
10 Things to Consider When Choosing a Breed (the 10th might make you think)
Body Condition Score (BCS) Charts and more:
this page includes:
     • 5-score BCS chart for beef cows
     • 9-score BCS chart for beef cows
     • 5-score BCS chart for dairy cows
     • Udder Score chart (for beef or dairy cows)
     • Calving Ease (CE) / difficulty score chart
     • 2 Temperament Score charts (measure in chute or in corral)
     • How much hay should a miniature cow need in winter? Here is the formula.
temperament (source: Pinterest)
BULLS: Adding a Bull to the Sire Directory: If you would like to have your bull listed in the Miniature Cattle or in the future Homestead Cattle Sire Directory, check out this checklist of information to provide with a bull submission. Not everything is required, but this list helps bull owners identify what cow owners want to see before choosing a bull to best complement their females.
submit a bull sire directory
tiny miniature Zebu calf - NA Zebus do not carry BD BULLS: Miniature Cattle Sire Directory. Coming Soon: All Miniature bulls (FS 0 and shorter) will move to This new database will power a searchable sire directory of all miniature bulls. will be an HCA certified operation (protocols & data sources certified by Homestead Cattle Association, a quality assurance association of herdbooks for the homestead cattle breed industry). Certified Homestead Cattle Associations may offer discounted memberships to homestead cattle sire directory
Bull Testing: Should you Collect Your Bull? What to consider before you decide.
Chondrodysplasia (Bulldog or BD) Everything you need to know about dwarfism in Miniature Cattle.
coat color (CC) in cattle
  Coat Color (CC) Genetics 3 pages that cover most coat color genetics in cattle...
(1) A look at the basics of black and red coat color.
(2) A discussion of coat color genetics specific to Galloway Cattle, by Alan S. Bias; which is fairly general and represents most B. taurus (especially Celtic origin) breeds of cattle. Included is a chart spots, markings, and a chart on the genetics of blue roan cattle, plus a library of links about color genetics in cattle.
(3) A brief look at the dun dilute that is unique to Irish Dexter cattle.
  Classified Ads for Miniature Cattle (and other homestead breeds of cattle)  
  Diseases in Cattle: A Herd Health Primer; for anyone new to buying or owning cattle. Infectious diseases are listed alphabetically; with info on testing, vaccination, management, prevention.
Miniature Cattle pages on Facebook
DNA Genetic Mutations: 12 interesting facts that scientists and labs may not tell you.
DNA Tests for Cattle; When should you genotype your cattle and for what tests? DNA tests for genetic traits, heritable conditions & diseases.
Facebook Directory of Homestead and Miniature Cattle interest groups  
free printable frame size comparison chart for cattle for printing
Frame Score (FS) Charts help predict the mature height of young growing cattle. Miniature cattle mature heights have not been researched or studied, and FS chart scores may not be as accurate as they are for larger breeds of cattle, but the FS chart will give you the most uniform & universal comparison to start with.
Gestation Chart for Calving Dates - free download - a printable chart opens full size in a separate window. The gestation length for cows is approximately 279-292 days from conception, or about 9 months. Generally younger cows and smaller breeds may calve up to 10 days earlier than the average, while older cows and larger breeds may calve up to 10 days later than the average. And here, the American Hereford Association offers this handy online gestation calculator.
gestation table for cows
  Glossary of Cattleman's Terms. This is an extensive glossary, divided into 2 parts. Whenever you're in doubt about a word used by a cattleman, check here first. General terms used most often in homestead and miniature breeds are first on the page. Below that is a glossary of more technical terms used more by seedstock or cow-calf commercial operations or in bovine genetic research.
  Herds of Cattle Fax Here is a webpage with loads of cattle facts, scads of interesting cow info with a pun here & there and a wee bit of fun.  
  How to Calculate Bloodline Percentage in a Pedigree
Judging Age of Cattle by their Teeth
  How to Estimate Age of Cattle by Their Teeth. Short article with free printable chart: How to age cattle by their teeth, plus an 8" x 20" reference poster (right).
  How to Measure Weight of Miniature Cattle; estimate weights using charts and formulas for cattle (and newborn calves).
measure a miniatue cow to estimate her weight
  International Breeds of Miniature Cattle --[in development]. Many are miniature Zebus breeds, but not all!. Some are quite rare; and some are fascinating!

Miniature Bucking Bulls; Summer fun, coming to a town near you.
Perris Mini Cow Halters
“Derby” Nylon Small Cow Halter: black, blue, green, blue & raspberry
“Weaver Leather” Nylon & Leather Cow Halters: blue & black (available at TSC)
How to Tie a Quick Release Knot (use on the lead rope when halter training for safety when tied)
How to Order the Proper Size Cattle Halter. Open a full size chart that shows how to measure a cow for the proper size halter.
open large printable version

Perri's mini cow halters

If the following are opposite of inhouse links, does that make them outhouse links?
Homestead Cattle Association, LLC (HCA)
[in development now, coming soon]. Goals:

To provide support for all North American breeds of cattle that work well on small acreage.
To provide homestead cattle breeders support with herdbook oversight provided by a board of advisors, made of scientists & cattle industry professionals.
To provide homestead cattle breed group liaisons, and herdbook chairmen for HCA members & HCA member associations.
To provide owners with independent certification of breed or health traits with verified records & documentation. This service is available for homestead cattle registered with any herdbook. This can add integrity & value to any herd.
To provide HCA herdbooks or registration services for populations of cattle that are under-represented or for some reason need their genetics preserved.
Homestead Cattle Association, LLC.
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Farmers Almanac times [in development now, coming soon].
Homestead Breeds of Cattle, Breeder Directory, Classified Ads, Homestead Cattle Sire Directory. I will separate the midsize or small frame homestead breed content off of and move that to the new site.

Homestead Cattle are breeds of cattle that work well on family farms or small acreage. Most homestead breeds are not large cattle, and include miniature and small frame breeds. Smaller cattle are generally more efficient producers of high quality beef or milk on grass & hay, with placid, gentle temperaments. Many are dual purpose, and heritage breeds, with grass fed genetic diversity, rather than taller cattle (standard frame), more specialized breeds used in large-scale, commercial production operations.
homestead breeds cow size comparisons

Calving Basics: The Critical First 15 Minutes can influence the newborn's calf's whole life. Here are six calving tips to help calves get their best possible start.

Calving Season: Feed at Night, Calve During the Day, By SDSU Extension, Mar, 2018, Western Livestock Journal. Feeding time affects calving time. Feeding cows late in the day will increase the number of calves born during daylight hours, when it is easier for livestock producers to watch them more closely. Ranchers have long known and practiced this. Momma stock tend to spend the night ruminating after feeding and wait til morning to give birth. Generally, the calf determines what day it is born, and the cow determines what time of day it is born.

How to Influence Gender of the Calf Naturally; is it just folklore? By Tracy Rouse Howe, Mother Howe's Little Cows, Eatonia, Saskatchewan, Canada. Many thanks to Tracy for this fascinating gem from the past.

The Farmers Almanac - THE book for planting and working your livestock by the signs; best days to castrate, harvest etc. Check here for online dates.

From Big to Small to Big to Small: A 3-article Pictorial History of Cattle Conformation & Type Changes Over the Years

Genes for Cowboys Want to study cattle genetics a bit more? This is an online reference book genetic cattle inheritance patterns; Mendelian Inheritance; Chromosomes, Fertility; Polled/Horned/Scurred; Coat Color; Behavior Genetics; Beef Quality; DNA Testing; Gene Mapping; References and Links. By Sheila M. Schmutz, Ph.D., Dep't of Animal Science, Univ of Saskatchewan, Canada.

As Useless as Teats on a Bull. (....?) Well, we would like to question that old saying. Australian Newsletter, "Hormonal Mail," April 2016

Should You Dehorn Your Cows? [video, 7:10] Interesting research on whether horned cattle function better than cattle with the polled mutation. If you do dehorn, paste de-budding is the humane way to dehorn, done when a calf before the horn buds begin to grow.

Cattle Guards: What you don't know could hurt you--by hurting your livestock--badly.

Euthanasia: A pdf publication prepared by the Animal Welfare Committee of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners (AABP), entitled "Practical Euthanasia of Cattle" is an excellent reference on indications for euthanasia, decision making, considerations involving euthanasia and methods to be followed (opens in separate tab).

Manure Scoring (who knew?) Manure scoring can help cattle owners determine the quality of nutrition the cow has recently consumed, and determine what (if any) supplementation their cows may need. All by looking at the manure pat. There is even a free app available for your smart phone, "Cow Poop Analyzer," put out by Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. Cattle need to be in good health for manure scoring to be accurate.

vintage breeds of miniature cattle

when calving

Miniature Cattle breeds - art credit:

frame size over the decades

horns are loved on rodeo bucking bull stock

Cows: Please Close Gate

more about this website

    ... and, speaking of manure...
I used to ranch over 6500 acres on the Crow Rez, and raised a couple beautiful ranch daughters and hundreds of cattle and horses. Now I am a retired widow stuck in town.... I miss my ranch life and plan to get back to it as soon as I can! So in the meantime, for my cow-fix ... I provide this information for young folks just starting out, for people leaving the city & retiring to a small acreage, or anyone new to raising cattle. I save & compile here what I learned in pre-vet animal science, post-grad beef cattle breeding genetics, and my lifetime raising horses and cattle while farming in Tennessee and ranching in Montana. I am working to get back out in the country where my heart is and get myself another little herd of cows. Share my websites with anyone who might benefit from them. Try any products I advertise... I always feature the best deals and lowest prices I can find, for products I have or will use myself. Until then while you are living the dream, be sure to enjoy it for me too!
Don't have a shit attitude!

“Attitude is everything in life.
You can either complain
about what happened,
or remember how sweet
the milk tasted.”
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Thank you all, it is truly an honor to be involved with so many great people over the years working on this site.
This is what it is all about, working with you and your breeding programs; your success is's success.

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Thanks for visiting, reading and sharing. Email me any time.

©content copyrighted by:
a Bucking V Outfit enterprise, est. circa 2010
publisher: Vintage Press
author: Donna Grace